Changing garden constituents in summer

For all those who are die hard gardeners it is a known fact to change their pattern of flowers and fruits plants keeping in tune with the seasonal changes. With winter having bid adieu and spring getting harsher it is time to begin planting the regular summer fare.

Sunflowers, zinnia, hibiscus, bell and jasmine are some of the colors of summer in Indian gardens at peak summer temperatures that hovers around 40+ degrees celsius.

Hot winds from the northwest called loo are in full flow. Summer is the time to sit back and enjoy the garden laden with mangoes, lemons, chikoo, jackfruit, lychee, bitter gourd, okra, snake gourd and pumpkin waiting patiently for the arrival of monsoon.

It is this south west winds that bring heavy rains commencing from early to mid June. Sunflowers turn their heads around along the path of the sun withstanding the scorching heat. The freshly emerging flower shoot in lilies and kala phul gradually welcomes the rays of the sun.

Celosia with its beautiful leaves so colorful puts the flower to shame.

The Kochia magnificent in its greenery is pleasing to the eyes. Then of course is the favorite of the butterflies who braving the heat enjoy zinnia having a place of pride in any summer garden. Grapes, black plums, Chinese hazelnut and watermelons are also found in in Indian orchards.

Lemons and chikoo requires large pots when planted. Add manure after plant settles in the pot.

Use pesticides if leaves start to crumble, twist, show black spots and have cotton wool over them. Leaf mould, mustard cake, cowdung manure and chemicals are to be added in time for the plants to grow and blossom. Never water plants after 10 am and before 4 pm. After planting a sapling ensure it is kept away from the sun for a couple of days while it settles in the pot. Pumpkin and bitter gourd are quite easy to start off but their winding loops must be properly redirected preferable atop a make shift roof so that their vegetables hang from atop. Mangoes in their hybrid versions can also be potted in terrace gardens. Jackfruit, black plums, chinese hazelnuts and water melons abound in open gardens.

Mango is a tropical, kidney-shaped fruit called the king of fruits in india. Mangoes are rich in vitamin C, vitamin A. Mangoes are exported on a large scale to different parts of the world.

Alphanso, Himsagar, Langra, Dashehri, golap khas, pyara phuli and totapuri are few of the well-known varieties of mangoes available in India.

Locally lychee, chinese hazelnuts are covered by a reddish-pink protective skin while having a luscious soft, white and sweet flesh within. It is a rich source of vitamin C. Bitter gourd consumed as preparations or juice is known to hold medicinal properties. Shaped like a cucumber the vegetable is covered with bumps. It is a good source of vitamins B1, B2 and B3. T

he black plum is a small, fleshy, purple colored, ovate fruit that is grown only in summer. The extract from this fruit is used for curing unrelenting cough as they have a high content of vitamin C, A and potassium.

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